Israel Vogel’s Letter to Palestine in 1938

Israel Vogel was Eva Galler’s father and a leading member of the Jewish community in Oleszyce, Poland. As the letterhead of his stationery indicates, he was a business man who sold Jewish religious articles, including the Torah, to communities in Poland and throughout Central and Eastern Europe. Oleszyce, with a large Hasidic population, was renowned for the manufacture of these articles. In this letter to his daughter (from his first marriage) in Palestine, written on March 18, 1938, Israel Vogel refers to the Nazi seizure of Austria that occurred six days earlier and complains of his lost business accounts in that country.