1944

Destruction of the Hungarian Jews

March 19, 1944 - Nazis occupy Hungary with aim of deporting Jews to Auschwitz.

Dora Niederman: Beating of Her Step-Father

May 6, 1944 - Isaac Niederman’s birthday, he is nineteen.

May 15, 1944 - Deportation of 450,000 Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz begins.

May 16, 1944 - Dora Niederman’s birthday, she turns sixteen.

Dora Niederman: Ghetto and Transport to Auschwitz

Dora Niederman: Arriving at Auschwitz

Dora Niederman: Bombing Auschwitz

Dora Niederman: Day to Day at Auschwitz and Transport to Stutthof

July 1944 - Siggy Borak is transported from Blizyn labor camp to Auschwitz-Birkenau. He turns nineteen on July 18, 1944

SIGGY BORAKS: ON THE ‘RAMP’ AT AUSCHWITZ

SIGGY BORAKS: WORKING IN THE GAS CHAMBER

SIGGY BORAKS: GO TO THE WIRE

SIGGY BORAKS: LIKE A ZOMBIE

July 8, 1944 - Raoul Wallenberg arrives in Budapest in effort to save remainder of Hungarian Jewry.

Isaac Niederman: Saved by Wallenberg

August 1944 – Felicia Fuksman and her friend Bronia are sent from Lodz ghetto to Ravensbruck concentration camp. Felicia contracts typhus.

Felicia Fuksman: Bronia and the Meaning of Friendship

September 1944 - Dora Niederman is sent from Auschwitz to Stutthof concentration-extermination camp

Dora Niederman: Arriving at Stutthof and Red Cross Visit

Dora Niederman: Help from a German Farmer

October 1944 - Felicia Fuksman is sent from Ravensbruck to a labor camp at Wittenberge, Germany

Felicia Fuksman: Labor Camp at Wittenberge